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Are TNR practices increasing conflicts between urban coyotes and free-roaming cats in southern California?

Coyotes (Canis latrans) are among the most successful carnivores in urban and suburban environments, which has increasingly led to conflicts between coyotes, people, and pets in southern California. One possible contributor to high coyote population densities and human-coyote encounters is the abundance of free-roaming domestic cats (Felis catus) subsidized by backyard feeding and trap-neuter-release (TNR) programs.

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